Eurasian Eagle Owl

Bubo bubo

About This Animal

SIZE: Body length of 24 - 29 inches, a wingspan of 5 - 6 feet

RANGE: Found from eastern Europe and Scandinavia east across Russia and Japan. Also found across the northern Mediterranean region from

HABITAT: They favor rocky outcrops and cliffs in a variety of wooded habitats throughout much of Europe and Asia. They're also found in open habitats that have some trees and rocky areas.

DIET: Mice, rats, squirrels, hedgehogs, buzzards, pigeons, crows, and magpies

ON EXHIBIT:  Ranger Rick's Backyard Safari in River Journey

Eurasian eagle owls are the largest owls in the world with wingspans up to six feet. An eagle-owl’s flight is powerful and fast with shallow wing beats and long, fast glides. This owl will also soar on updrafts. This type of flight is similar to that of buteos or soaring hawks like the Red-tailed Hawk.

As an apex predator, the Eurasian Eagle Owl has no natural predators.  Even the Golden Eagle, with whom the Eagle Owl shares both range and food preferences, is seldom in direct conflict with the Owls, thanks to the birds hunting at different times of day (the Golden Eagle in daytime, the Eagle Owl at night).  A lifespan of 20 years in the wild isn't uncomoon for Eurasian Eagle Owls; birds in captivity have been known to live as much as 60 years.

Eurasian Eagle-Owls prefer to nest on ledges, in cave entrances, and within rock crevices on cliffs. They will sometimes use the abandoned nests of other large raptors.