Palawan Peacock Pheasant

Polyplectron emphanum

About This Animal

SIZE: 16-20” (males are longer than females)

RANGE: Endemic (found only in one place) to the island of Palawan in the Philippines

HABITAT: Coastal Low-land forests; humid jungle areas of the Palawan Island, which are rapidly disappearing due to deforestation

DIET: Insects, worms, seeds, grains, nuts, fruits, leaves; they dig with their feet to unearth food

ON EXHIBIT: In the Butterfly Exhibit at Ocean Journey

These birds are pheasants, not peacocks. Their name comes from the colorful tail that is used in a similar fashion as a peacock: to display for a female. The tails are adorned with ocelli (eye spots) that are blue-green in color. Males go through an extensive courting display that includes offering food to the female and strutting around her with the tail feathers out on display.

Due to ongoing habitat loss, small population size and limited range as well as hunting and capture for trade, the Palawan Peacock Pheasant is classified as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.